What is GBV and Domestic Violence?
It has been said that "Women constitute 49.7% of the world’s population, do 90% of the work, and yet own only 10% of the land and less than 1% of the world's wealth" (Scott et al, 1995).
Gender Based Violence (GBV) is in turn described as one of the most pervasive of the human rights violations, which kills, maims, and tortures many women every day, all over the world.
Throughout the history and everywhere in the world, women have been relegated to the domestic/private sphere and have been denied the right to participate to the public/politic life. Gender Based Violence (GBV) are in turn used as a common tool of social control in patriarchal societies all over the world to maintain women in a dependent position vis-à-vis men.
It is important to retain the 'gender-based' aspect of the GBV concept as this highlights the fact that violence against women is an expression of power inequalities between women and men.